The Rosary as we know it was developed in the Middle Agges. It evolved out of an ancient practice in which people who could not read Scripture recited 150 Our Fathers for the 150 Psalms. Strings of beads, called "paternosters," were used to keep track of the prayers.
Over time, this practice merged with the Scriptural greeting to Mary ("Hail Mary, full of grace...") and with meditations on the lives of Christ and Mary.
In groups or in a family, one person can say the first half of each prayer, while the others respond with the second half.
The Rosary is, at its heart, a biblical prayer, which is why Scripture verses are often used for medication with each mystery.
I believe in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, Our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried; He descended into hell; on the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty; from there He will come to judge the living and the dead. I beleive in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen.
Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed by Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.
Hail Mary, full of grace. The Lord is with thee. Blessed are thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell. Lead all souls into heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.
Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy. Hail, our life, our sweetness, and our hope. To you do we cry, poor banished children of Eve. To you do we send up our sighs, mourning, and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, your eyes of mercy toward us; and after this, our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of your womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
V. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ
O God, whose only begotten Son, by His life, death, and resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life, grant, we beseech Thee, that meditating upon these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ Our Lord. Amen.
Prayed on Mondays and Saturdays
The events surrounding the coming of Our Lord, God made man, are a cause for intense joy. We meditate on these mysteries asking Our Lady to help us discover the secret of Christian joy--the coming of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the flesh.
Prayed on Thursdays
The public life of Our Lord reveals what the reign of God's Kingdom is like--both in the miracles He worked and in His preaching. We meditate on these mysteries asking Our Lady to help us to allow His light to shine in our darkness.
Prayed on Tuesdays and Fridays
The Passion and death of Our Lord reveal how much God loves us. We meditate on these mysteries asking Our Lady to help us comprehend this love and to experience its life-giving power.
Prayed on Wednesdays and Sundays
In triumph, Our Lord empowers us to follow Him courageously. We meditate on these mysteries asking Our Lady to intercede for us, that we may always keep in mind the glory of God as week seek to do His will here on earth.
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